The program builds on previous Bard efforts to support refugee scholars and students. In the mid 1930s, the College gave refuge to distinguished writers, artists, intellectuals, and scientists fleeing Nazi Europe. In 1956, the school welcomed more than 300 Hungarian student refugees fleeing the Soviet invasion. In 2004, Bard helped bring more than 50 students from European Humanities University in Belarus, which was closed by the Lukashenko regime, to complete their education at Smolny College. A similar program was set up for 60 Turkmen students who could not continue their education at the American University in Central Asia in 2010. Bard College Berlin has welcomed more than 50 displaced students through its Program on International Education for Social Change, most of them from Syria. Last year, Bard committed to welcoming 100 Afghan students after the Taliban takeover of the country and this summer Bard College Berlin took in 12 refugee students from Ukraine. The Bard Emergency Ukrainian Student Refuge Program will provide scholarships to an additional 60 Ukrainian students.